Martedì, 18 Giugno 2013 02:40

Le Cesine

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Riserva naturale dello Stato

Percorrendo in auto la strada litoranea adriatica salentina, a circa 5 Km. da San Cataldo (l'antico Porto Adriano a servizio di Lecce) si raggiunge la zona umida delle Cesine che si estende per 620 ettari con la sua Oasi Naturalistica di rara bellezza, caratterizzata dalla presenza di una ricca e varia vegetazione oltre ad una numerosa fauna stanziale e migratoria.

il suo nome deriva dal latino "Seges" (zona incolta, abbandonata) e ricorda la pratica medioevale di tagliare gli alberi e di bruciare i boschi per ricavare terreni fertili. Era una cittadella che si ergeva nei dintorni del castello di caccia realizzato da Alfonso Dell'Acaya. I due stagni Salapi e Pantano Grande, alimentati dalla piogge, sono separati dal mare da un cordone di dune sabbiose.

L'oasi è stata istituita nel 1978 a seguito della dichiarazione di valore internazionale della zona per effetto della convenzione firmata a Ramsar (Iran) il 2/2/1971 e nel 1980 è stata riconosciuta Riserva Naturale dello Stato di Popolamento animale.

Attualmente l'Oasi, che comprende 380 dei 620 ettari della zona umida, è gestita dal WWF.

Nella riserva vi è la masseria "Le Cesine", adibita a foresteria e centro visite. Una serie di sentieri natura attraversano le pinete e la macchia mediterranea terminando con capanni di osservazione che si affacciano sui pantani; uno di questi sentieri è attrezzato per essere fruito dai portatori di handicap.



Le CesineLa zona umida è uno degli ultimi tratti delle paludi che si estendevano fra Brindisi e Otranto e costituisce un'area estremamente composita con differenti habitat naturali, ognuno di essi caratterizzato da associazioni e specie vegetali tipiche.

Pertanto, pur essendo l'area prevalentemente una zona umida, racchiude al suo interno una grande varietà di habitat e di fasce di transizione fra di essi che ne fanno un gigantesco mosaico naturale.

Raggruppa grandi estensioni di canneti, numerosi canali, tratti a palude e acquitrino e i due bacini Pantano Grande e Salapi.

Gli altri ambienti che caratterizzano la riserva sono la pineta, la macchia mediterranea, la lecceta e i coltivi.

Letto 7100 volte Ultima modifica il Lunedì, 07 Luglio 2014 07:19

Noleggio Porto Cesareo ti aiuta a trascorrere una vacanza completa,

allegra e festosa grazie ai consigli su molti eventi salentini.


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